Dating the new testament canon
His letters contain some things that are hard to understand, which ignorant and unstable people distort, as they do the other Scriptures, to their own destruction.
The reference to, presumably the Septuagint, as the "other" Scripture denotes that the author of 2 Peter regarded, at least, the works of Paul that had been written by his time as Scripture.
The Bible itself illustrates some of the materials used: engravings in clay, inscriptions on tablets of stone, ink and papyrus, vellum, parchment, leather, and metals.
This timeline traces the unparalleled history of the Bible down through the ages.
Other Christian writings existed in the first century that were not canonical—and perhaps we will discover some of these in the future.
Our point is not that all first century books are canonical, but that all our canonical books are first century. In the end, every Christian should remember one basic fact, namely that the New Testament books are distinctive because, generally speaking, they are the earliest Christian writings we possess. If so, then it seems that the books included in the New Testament are not as arbitrary as some would have us believe.
It is simply that the New Testament books are the earliest Christian writings we possess.
One of the most formidable challenges in any discussion about the New Testament canon is explaining what makes these 27 books unique. There are many answers to that question, but in this blog post we are focusing on just one: the of these books.
As God's Spirit breathed on the authors of the Bible, they recorded the messages with whatever resources were available at the time.Metzger 1987 draws the following conclusion about Clement: Clement...makes occasional reference to certain words of Jesus; though they are authoritative for him, he does not appear to enquire how their authenticity is ensured.The first council that accepted the present canon of the New Testament may have been the Synod of Hippo Regius in North Africa (393).A brief summary of the acts was read at and accepted by the Councils of Carthage in 397 and 419. 405, Pope Innocent I sent a list of the sacred books to a Gallic bishop, Exsuperius of Toulouse.
It is difficult to determine the date of composition; commentaries and reference books have placed 2 Peter in almost every decade from AD 60 to 160.