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Few Polish noblemen from Riga took an active part in the revolution which, as it was in Poland, had a particularly rough character in the Baltic provinces.
For example, in summer 1905 Ludwik Borowski under a pseudonym “Lord” joined one of the most audacious operations of Latvian fighters who attacked the Riga penal complex and freed some inmates.
This began the so called Polish period in the history of Latvia.This can be justified by the historical attitude of Poles to Tsarism and suffered repressions.After the revolution, the same Tsarism was forced to temper the political system and establish the National Duma (local parliament).In the second half of the 19 century, during the Russification of Latgalia many Latvian peasants became Polonized due to the lack of Latvian national affiliation and strong attachment to Roman Catholic religion, or else, “to Polish Church”.In many cases, peasants literally felt drawn to the nobility who would often hire teachers who taught Polish to peasants’ children besides the gentry’s.
The number of their Poles grew steadily due to the influx of students to Riga Technical University (its graduate was later President Mościcki and other distinguished Poles) and junior high schools (Józef Piłsudski’s brother studied in Liepaja) also in Jelgava. In the years 1878–1879, few Polish social organizations were established, including two academic associations of the Technical University – Arconia and Welecja; they have been existing until today but now are seated in Warsaw.